|Painter||Alexandre Cortina Bonastre|
"...That Zeus is king in heaven is a saying common to all men". (Pausanias, 2. 24.2.)
In Greek mythology, Zeus (Ancient Greek Ζεύς) is the "Father of Gods and men" (Πατὴρ Θεῶν τὲ καὶ Ἀνθρώπων) who ruled the Olympians of Mount Olympus as a father ruled the family. He is the god of sky and thunder inGreek mythology. His Roman counterpart is Jupiter and his Etruscan counterpart is Tinia.
Zeus was the child of Cronus and Rhea, and the youngest of his siblings. In most traditions he was married to Hera, although, at the oracle of Dodona, his consort was Dione; according to the Iliad, he is the father of Aphrodite by Dione. He is known for his erotic escapades. These resulted in many godly and heroic offspring, including Athena, Apollo and Artemis, Hermes, Persephone (byDemeter), Dionysus, Perseus, Heracles, Helen of Troy, Minos, and the Muses (by Mnemosyne); by Hera, he is usually said to have fathered Ares, Hebe and Hephaestus.
The sculpture represents the God Zeus holding aloft his terrifying Lightning bolt and scrutinizing the world of men from the peak of Mount Olympus at the moment of the arrival of his Eagle Periphas. For the elaboration of this figure we have faithfully taken into account some Hellenistic sculptural characteristics, influenced greatly by works of Skopas and Lyssipos, as well as the reliefs of the Great Altar of Zeus in Pergamum (currently conserved in Berlin). Such characteristics are the anatomic proportion of the protagonist and the pronouncement of the forms take us to a Barroque style that can be seen in the manifestation of feelings and the movement of the figure. For the painting of the tunic (composed of two distinct materials) we recommend using white or bright and intense colours, excluding yellow which was considered more feminine.
The Eagle is the Royal type, whose characteristics are feathers of a dark brown colour, turning gold at the head and neck and white on the shoulders and the tail tips.